Accreditation grant 2022

We’d like to remind conservators who are resident and working (or actively seeking work) in Scotland that we offer four grants per year of up £350 towards the costs of accreditation. The second deadline in 2022 for accreditation applications is Monday 3rd of October, and we will give preference to grant applications received before Saturday 3rd of September. Information about how to apply is on our group page on the Icon website here

CoP26 event: ‘Is culture the untapped ally for climate action?’ 

With CoP26 nearly upon us, many of us will be participating in associated activities and events. Icon Scotland’s Vice Chair, Isobel Griffin, has been involved in the planning for an event involving several cultural heritage organisations in Scotland, and would like to encourage conservators in Scotland and beyond to participate. It is a virtual event running as part of the Scottish Government’s Climate Ambition Zone at the Lighthouse during CoP26, with details as follows:

Friday 5 November, 11.45-13.00: ‘Is culture the untapped ally for climate action?’ 

Initiated by Creative Carbon Scotland, a collaboration of cultural bodies in Scotland has commissioned a powerful short film – ‘Climate action needs culture’. 

As the climate emergency grows more intense, increased public understanding and engagement are urgently required and innovative ways of thinking and working needed. Scotland’s cultural institutions and creative sector have a compelling story to tell of the dynamic ways they can contribute to climate action but it’s a story that until now has been often overlooked. This event and the project that underpins it brings together the knowledge and expertise of Scotland’s cultural sector with climate experts to make the case for culture as a crucial player in climate action.

We invite you to join us online for the launch of the film, followed by climate and cultural leaders providing effective examples of collaborations in climate action and a Q&A to identify your next steps in working jointly with cultural and climate colleagues. 


Ewan Hyslop, Head of Technical Research and Science, Historic Environment Scotland / Climate Heritage Network (Chair)

Tania Banotti, Director, Creative Ireland – Creative Climate Action

Prof. James Curran, Chair, Climate Ready Clyde

Sir John Leighton, Director General, National Galleries of Scotland

Prof. Dave Reay, Director, Climate Change Institute, University of Edinburgh

Helen Vincent, Head of Rare Books, Maps and Music, National Library of Scotland / International Federation of Library Associations

Set up an account and then register here:—is-culture-the-untapped-ally-for-climate-policy

This is a project initiated by: 

  • Creative Carbon Scotland (convenor)
  • Creative Scotland 
  • Historic Environment Scotland 
  • Museums Galleries Scotland
  • National Galleries of Scotland
  • National Library of Scotland
  • Scottish Library & Information Council

Hope to see lots of conservators there!

The Art in the Open project taking place below Edinburgh Castle (National Galleries Scotland ©Yola Sornsakrin)

Take 5 Webinar Summer Session

Wednesday 16th June 4-5 pm on Zoom

Free to Icon members Free to Non-members

Icon Scotland presents another one of their knowledge-sharing events, with 5 new 5 minute presentations about different conservation projects and case studies. 

Presentations will be followed by a Q&A session.

Sticky situation: Interdisciplinary decision making in the conservation of a child’s bedroom cupboard door, Gwen Thomas, Museums & Galleries Edinburgh

The Museum of Childhood acquired a bedroom cupboard door that over the course of the owner’s childhood was covered in hundreds of stickers. The talk focuses on the dialogue between the conservator and curator when making decisions about the object.

Resumption survey: A simple analytic tool for checking the condition of collections after lockdown, Simona Cenci ACR, National Library of Scotland

During lockdown, Simona designed a resumption survey to be carried out in the National Library of Scotland library stores prior to re-opening. The talk will illustrate the challenges encountered, and methodological outcomes.

Peeling Back the Layers: Treatment of a large Scottish sampler, Anna Robinson, University of Glasgow

The presentation will summarize how the treatment of a large Scottish sampler at the 

CTC was adapted as layers of framing and support materials were removed, and new aspects of the sampler revealed.

Creating a Conservation YouTube Channel: Curating conservation content for the general public, Lucilla Ronai, National Library of Australia

After one year managing a conservation YouTube channel, and sharing conservation content with conservators and the general public, Lucilla will share the main lessons learned and how it has made her see this profession differently.

Surviving insurance claim documentation with a smile, Ruth Honeybone ACR & Daryl Green, University of Edinburgh

Daryl and Ruth will guide you through some of the hoops and hurdles of writing a successful insurance claim to fund the conservation of damaged collections.

Scotland Group: Take 5 Webinar Spring Sessions

Wednesday 5th May 4-5pm

Free to Icon members Free to non-members

A new instalment of Icon Scotland Group’s ideas-sharing Take 5 series, with 5 new 5-minute presentations by 5 different conservators about some of their recent projects:

Senses Working Over Time: tactile engagement for written heritage, by Victoria Stevens ACR, Victoria Stevens ACR Library and Archive Conservation and Preservation Ltd.

Written heritage conservation is all about access: taking practical steps that enable people to engage with the information objects contain safely and without risk to them or the objects themselves. As a library and archive conservator, Victoria Stevens has developed a strong appreciation of how much information and knowledge may be gained from touch, sound, smell and sometimes even taste, all of which complement and broaden the written information items contain to form a much deeper appreciation and understanding of an object’s history and its previous use.

The Take 5 Engagement programme takes this non-visual information an object has to give as its focus. There are many people who experience barriers to conventional learning, and who may respond more positively and completely to information through senses other than sight and reading alone. Based on fun and accessible workshops, some of which may be delivered online, the Take 5 project uses the material properties of archive and library objects and conservation techniques combined to increase understanding and confidence, provide a sense of personal pride in achievement and break down physical and cultural barriers to learning and inclusion in libraries and archives.

The presentation will set out these aims, demonstrate how and to whom they may be delivered and discuss longer term goals for the project.

Conservation of an Iranian Tile Panel at the National Museums of Scotland, by Holly Daws, National Museums of Scotland.

The talk will detail the ongoing conservation work of a 17th Century tile panel which is planned for display as part of the Arts of Iran exhibition at the National Museum of Scotland. The panel is dated from the Safavid period and is associated with the garden palace Bagh-i Sa’adatabad in Isfahan, Iran. The tile panel is one of the few intact examples from this period in museum collections worldwide.

The tile panel has been in storage since 2008 due to its condition and heavy mounting. Previous restorations have aged, discoloured and are failing. Further to this, areas of original material have been overpainted. The aim of the treatment is to remove the tiles from the existing backing, to improve the appearance and stability of the tiles and to remount on a light support structure.

The talk will briefly outline: Historical context, condition of the panels, the aim of the project, treatment stages so far, and future treatments.

Learn by doing: the casting, finishing and patinating of bronzes, by Heleen van Santen, freelance metal conservator.

The presentation of a collaboration between a conservator, a designer and a bronze foundry, using their different expertises to experiment with the casting, finishing and patination of bronze.

The goal of this project was to learn by doing, building on Heleen van Santen’s metallurgical and technical experience as a conservator, the process and aesthetic eye of the designer and the practical know-how of the foundry. This collaboration resulted in an archive of 81 different patinas that will be permanently displayed at the foundry, and a free digital publication to inspire future makers to incorporate patination into their projects. For the field of conservation, learning more about the manufacturing and finishing of cast bronzes can be used to help us better understand cultural heritage objects.

Conservation Live: public engagement from a digital distance, by Lesley Stevenson ACR FIIC, National Galleries of Scotland.

Lesley will outline a conservation project currently underway at the National Galleries of Scotland. Robert Scott Lauder’s Christ Teacheth Humility is being prepared for new displays focussing on Scottish art that are due to open later in 2022. Originally planned to be shared live with visitors, Covid restrictions and the inevitable disruption to the NGS public programme, necessitated a change in direction for this initiative. The transfer of all public engagement to digital platforms resulted in this conservator facing challenges to her outreach and IT skills.

Conditional Confusion: considering variations in language used for object documentation, by Beth Gillions, Centre for Textile Conservation, University of Glasgow

Documenting object condition can be pivotal to informing conservation treatments, determining object roles, and limiting or enabling object use and display. Yet within the heritage field object condition reports are generated in a variety of ways, by a range of individuals of diverse types and levels of training. This presentation will consider the reasons variations in terminology exist and highlight some preliminary ideas about how this may impact upon our preservation of, and approaches to historic objects.

A look back at highlights from recent years – until we meet again…

Here at Icon Scotland Group we are currently planning our events programme for 2021. To whet appetites, over the next few weeks we will be looking back at some highlights from 2019-2020.  Firstly, from 2019, Isobel Griffin recollects, Icon Chief Executive Sara Crofts’ meeting with private conservators in Scotland:

Spotlight on Scotland’s Private Sector

Sara Crofts meets up with private conservators in Scotland

Isobel Griffin

The Icon Scotland Group was delighted to welcome Sara Crofts to Scotland for our Annual Plenderleith Memorial Lecture in November, and Sara made time the next day to meet with a group of private conservators working in Scotland. They were Sarah Gerrish, Graciela Ainsworth, Karen Dundas, Gretel Evans, Wilma Bouwmeester and Anna Trist, plus Helen Creasy, Tuula Pardoe and Will Murray from the Scottish Conservation Studio. We would have liked to invite more people but we were limited by space, so we’re hoping this blog will be useful to all those who we couldn’t accommodate in person, and indeed to private conservators from all parts of the UK.

The meeting was held at the Scottish Conservation Studio’s premises at Hopetoun House near Edinburgh, with wonderful refreshments kindly provided by the resident conservators. We began with a quick tour of ‘work on the go’, which included archival items and  navigational instruments being prepared for the David Livingstone Museum, textiles being conserved for Edinburgh City Museums and a wonderful umbrella stand from the Glasgow School of Art Mackintosh building. Many interesting topics came up during the tour, including the worrying decline in requests for training from local museums; the importance of keeping copies of the conservation reports produced for local museums; and the potential to use big projects which have employed many different conservation specialisms for advocacy purposes.

The tour was followed by a round-table discussion, as follows:

Volunteering for Icon – private conservators are keen to volunteer, but it is particularly challenging for them because they are giving up time when they could be earning money. It is particularly challenging for conservators from Scotland because the training for aspects of volunteering such as being PACR mentors almost always takes place in London.

The discontinuation of the standard contract which used to be available through the Icon website – this is probably mourned by private conservators everywhere, but Sara explained that Icon’s lawyers have advised that it is too risky for Icon to provide a template contract.

Business skills assistance – there is an ongoing need for this amongst private conservators. Sara noted that Icon is currently pulling together private practice training material covering insurance, health and safety and so on, and that it might be possible to create a business skills hub of shared resources. Icon would welcome further suggestions of what is needed.

Slow payment of invoices by clients – this was clearly a big issue for every conservator around the table! Sara said that she will flag the need for swift payment of small conservation practices when she meets with senior figures from major institutions. It was also suggested that Icon could help with lobbying for conservation practices to be put into the same category as building contractors, where they would have to be paid within two weeks.

CSCS cards – in theory these are required by conservators working on construction sites, although it was noted that in practice some sites don’t seem to expect that conservators will have them. Concern was expressed that the online training required to obtain a card used to be fairly quick and straightforward, but has since become very time-consuming, and that it would be helpful if Icon could lobby for this to change.

New conservation register – there were differing levels of satisfaction with the current version of the conservation register, suggesting that it is working for some conservators but not for others. Sara explained that the specification for the new register came from a review that was undertaken around three years ago. There were concerns that the new register will list individuals rather than businesses, but it was clarified that individuals can link themselves to businesses and that it will still be possible to search for businesses. Searching by postcode will also be possible. The news that individuals will be able to update their own pages whenever they want was also welcomed. Sara noted that it crucial the conservation profession buys in to the new register, and that the prototype will undergo user testing, plus feedback will be gathered once the register is up and running.

Cross-sector working – many private conservators sometimes work with other heritage professionals, and Sara told us about a joined up piece of work Icon is undertaking with groups such as archaeologists and historic building specialists, to help clients identify the right professional for a particular job.

Recommending colleagues – private conservators often provide recommendations for colleagues, and there was discussion about the best way to do this through a practice’s website. It was agreed that featuring case studies which name relevant colleagues on a website is a good way of showcasing colleagues’ work without directly recommending them.

Promoting private practices – Sara noted that she would be very keen for short films about private practices to be shown through the Icon website.

Conservation training in the UK – this was an issue that everyone was concerned about. Sara noted that Icon is holding a round table meeting in January with education providers, big clients, big institutions and so on, to understand the current situation and ask whether there are other ways of providing training.

Making training events more accessible – it was noted that for conservators who cannot easily travel to London, it would be very helpful if more lectures and conferences were recorded and made available online.

Labour Market Intelligence – Sara explained that Icon is currently undertaking a project with funding from Historic England. This will provide a toolkit which any part of the heritage sector can customise and use to undertake its own research. Icon will issue its own survey once the toolkit is ready, and it is crucial to get input to this as widely as possible.

All in all it was an extremely productive afternoon. Sara ended by thanking everyone for their input, and encouraging further ideas and questions to be sent directly to her – We found her visit hugely enjoyable and useful, and would encourage her to ‘haste ye back’, as we say in Scotland!

Isobel Griffin, Vice Chair, Icon Scotland Group

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Mental wellness during Covid by Wilma Bouwmeester

When the country went into lockdown and working from home became part of life for many, I paid little attention to the advice on ‘how to work from home’. As an independent collection care consultant, I’d worked from home for many years and advice on the ‘working-from-home-dress-code’ puzzled me. But as the weeks became months, the effect of Covid on those around me also started to affect me, and my brain too went into a Covid-fog. Creative initiatives came to very little despite feeling enthused by Grayson Perry’s Art Club, and a jacket I’d started to sew in the first weeks still sits on the mannequin unfinished.

Prior to Covid, I had started to think of redirecting my attention and personal development away from objects and towards people. As a consultant I visit many different workplaces, where my role is usually task-focussed and technical (whether installing or calibrating monitoring equipment, or designing and discussing a sustainable environmental control system). Often however there comes a moment when the conversation turns to the strains of working conditions, the challenges of reduced budgets or the threat of redundancy. People are visibly relieved when able to voice the stresses and strains of the daily grind. Putting such feelings into words can help to process them and give them a place.

I had made the first moves in a new direction when Covid hit, and as a result found myself embarking on a Counselling Skills course via Zoom! For eight weekends, spread over 12 weeks, I was glued to my laptop, staring at some twenty-five stamp sized faces, and spending time in ‘triads’ observing, listening and talking to strangers. I felt thoroughly outside my comfort zone, and it was like learning a new language, the language of silence, of listening, of emotions, of acknowledging and letting people be heard. It is hard to overestimate the power of being listened to without judgement, without well-meant but unasked-for advice, and be heard with empathy, genuine interest, and acceptance, from one fallible human being to another. 

Covid-19 is showing its impact in many different ways. For some, it’s an opportunity to be creative, expressive and make the most of some free time. For others it may bring stress, anxiety, depression  or despair.  Whereas we readily share the state of our physical health, our newest diet or latest fitbit-results with those around us, our mental wellbeing remains largely hidden for fear of being judged and deemed a failure. Feelings of shame about appearing to ‘not cope’ can paralyse and stop us from moving on.

Mental wellbeing is important, now more than ever, and if you are struggling with what life throws at you, chances are others are too, for one reason or another, and might also welcome a chat that goes a little deeper. If you feel affected by the changes of Covid, lockdown or other life events, pick up the phone to a friend, sign up for the DialUp app, or ring me on 07739 988087 and ask to be listened to. Chances are you’ll feel a lot better for it!

An insight into Geology Conservation at National Museums of Scotland with Vicen Carrió ACR

A Jurassic Pinna Lanceolata specimen [an extinct species of mollusc] found in Skye by Hugh Miller in 19th Century

National Museums Scotland hold around 250,000 Palaeobiological specimens in a modern purpose built, environmentally controlled store. The collection covers all the major groups of fossil invertebrates, plants and trace fossils. There are the historic collections of early pioneers of Scottish Palaeobiology such as Hugh Miller and Charles Peach as well as world class collections of Palaeozoic fishes and early tetrapods. Members of the Palaeobiology Section of the Department of Natural Sciences at NMS are involved in internationally important research projects, such as TW;eed [Tetrapod World: early evolution and diversity] Project. Vicen Carrió ACR is the conservator and preparator of the Palaeobiology Section.

Holoptychius [extinct genus of bony fish] found in Thurso by Hugh Miller in 19th Century

Vicen’s responsibilities include the conservation and preparation of fossils, providing advice on geological conservation and preparation techniques to other departments within the museum and to visitors working on the NMS collections. On a [pre- Covid 19] visit to Vicen’s conservation lab, I had the privilege to view specimens from the collection and learn a little about the fascinating world of Geology Conservation. It is extremely difficult to grasp the age of these objects, many form the Palaeozoic period which was between 543-251 million years ago. Scotland is rich in specimens of early life on earth from this period such as Gyracanthus [extinct genus of fish with very long, round, sculpted fin- spines].

Conservation of Specimens from Historic Collections

Care of historic geology collections is a very interdisciplinary area of conservation because of the variety of material that is encountered: paper labels attached to the specimens, wood, plaster moulds and casts, glass, pigments, nails, minerals, plastic and varnishes.

Gyracanthus spines- found in Motherwell and Cowdenbeath in 20th Century

The Gyracanthus spines can be between 9cm -50cm long and are fragile. When collected they were often found in pieces. Inappropriate support and handling make the spines weak and prone to stress fractures and breakages. The deterioration of historic treatments using non archival adhesives can also lead to the failure of joints, as well as a lack of support underneath the specimen with the consequence of collapse. Vicen stressed the importance of inert materials in the construction of custom made supports for the specimens [Ethafoam, Plastazote, Corex or honeycomb cardboard or aluminium] and the use of appropriate, reversible adhesives.

The historic collections contain fossils in a variety of styles of display with many pros and cons. Some materials have been imbedded in plaster, fixed to glass plates or encased in wood. The hygroscopic nature of the plaster and wood can result in cracking of the specimens [as seen above]. Removal of these inappropriate supports is necessary to preserve the heritage for the future.

Fossilised fish in historic plaster and wood box

Working in the Field – The TW;eed Project

The TW;eed Project was a NERC funded project to study newly discovered tetrapod [four-legged animal] fossils that were found in the Scottish Borders. The fossils are from the earliest Carboniferous, a time when very little was known about life on earth and when tetrapods had just ventured to land. The poster below details the consolidation of wet specimens from the river bed and the preparations necessary prior to transportation of the fossils back to the museum conservation lab.

Uncovering Recently Discovered Fossils from Rock Substrate

The skill and experience involved in the excavation of newly discovered fossils from rocks cannot be underestimated. This work is undertaken very slowly under high magnification as the dimensions and shape of the fossil within the rock are only revealed as the substrate is carefully removed. Knowledge of the fossil’s anatomy and the characteristics of the encasing rock are essential as the matrix can break at weak points.

Rock Specimens from Scotland

The map required some of the physical techniques needed in geological preparation such as precise cutting to shape and the use of a combination of adhesives. The rocks when grained and mixed with some adhesives camouflage or enhance different areas of the map.

Vicen is experienced in a variety of physical and chemical techniques including making acetate peels, moulding and casting, acid preparation, field techniques, thin section, polishing and preventative conservation.

Vicen Carrió ACR studied Biology at the University of Valencia, Spain, before moving to Edinburgh in 1992. Having first worked with Professor Euan Clarkson, University of Edinburgh, in Silurian gastropod fossils she gained funding to study the conservation of fossils, minerals and rocks. Since 1997 she has developed her career in geological conservation and has undertaken research in different areas of the collection, presenting numerous talks at conferences and seminars nationally and internationally. These conferences have helped her to develop new techniques in conservation and to keep up to date with new products and technology as they are developed. She now has an international reputation as a geological conservator, being invited as key speaker to international conferences in her field.

Conservators in Lockdown: Notes from our ISG Committee on Life and Work, Part 4

Catherine Haworth, our Deputy Secretary, shares her experience in this blog post:

A few lockdown thoughts from a Preventive Conservation Mum

So, how many weeks are we on now? To be honest I lost track after about five. Although I feel like I’ve had a couple of phases to my lockdown.

First there was the pre-lockdown scramble, which I think we could all see coming, but still felt rushed and surreal. At that point we didn’t have any understanding of what our new lives would be like. We tidied labs and work spaces, made sure nobody left any packets of biscuits behind (pest management never far from the thoughts of a Preventive professional), and dutifully copied all the files we would need for doing some work at home. I also panic bought Sylvanian families, whilst everyone else was after hand sanitizer and bread flour, as my daughter turned four on the first day of lockdown.

Then we were all at home. Day one had the distraction of a birthday. We had princess dresses and cake to get us through! This couldn’t be all bad? But birthdays don’t last forever and there was work to be done and home schooling to be attempted.

The second phase had started. How does the family unit undertake it’s 1.6 FTE of work, school a P3 and entertain a four year old? Whilst also trying to learn new methods of working and schooling. I’d not heard of Zoom in mid-March, now we use it for meetings, family gatherings and, piano and dance lessons!

Finding new patterns to the day was the key to us all surviving. The kids needed routine and I needed some space to think. We’d all been trying to work round the kitchen table. This was not producing the desired result! Now you’ll find me in a quiet spot at 7am, cup of tea in hand and environmental monitoring graphs to look through. After a couple of hours it’s then time to swap roles, and we have our day of schooling. At 3pm another slot of quiet time with many thanks to David Attenborough and the BBC, without whom this family would not have survived lockdown.

How do you preserve the collections from home? As I mentioned we’ve been doing daily checks of our environmental monitoring system, which allows us to pick up on unusual patterns and check out areas where humidifiers or air handling are not behaving as they should. Also, in addition to the security presence on site, Collections Care team members have been visiting all our sites on a regular basis. It’s been my job to visit the collections at the National Museum of Rural Life. We’ve had issues with clothes moth in organic collections here previously, and sadly on my first lockdown visit there were enough moths to make me take a closer look. Luckily I found the source, and was able to put a couple of saddles into the freezer. On a later visit I found moth again, and deposited a stuffed cat in the freezer!


Cat for freezing

Now we’re looking to re-opening and while front of house work out visitor routes and designers come up with signage, our team has been working out how to clean displays whilst maintaining social distancing. This means some of our usual methods must be put on hold as we try to limit the amount of working at height and other jobs that require working closely together. We have long poles, largely designed for window cleaning, adapted with various microfibre heads. But my favourite is the air blower, which (gently) blasts fluff into the air, although you do have to go back and clean up the mess the next day! But I’m happy to go back to the National Museum of Rural Life as I also get to take a peek at the farm animals, and was delighted to be able to meet Georgina the Clydesdale foal.

Georgina and her mum, Anna



‘Take 5’ Webinar

Take 5

5 speakers | 5 talks | 5 minutes

20.08.2020 | 4-5 pm | Zoom
contribute before 31.07.2020

Following on from our successful ‘Knowledge Exchange’ webinar, Icon Scotland are pleased to invite contributions to our first ‘Take 5’ webinars. The one-hour online event will feature 5 x 5-minute presentations followed by a Q&A session.

We are inviting contributions from across the heritage conservation sector: whether it’s a case study you’d like to present, a project you are working on, or some research or training you have done during the lockdown. It’s fine to present a ‘work in progress’ and it can be a great way to get ideas and suggestions from colleagues.

We are asking for:

A 5-minute talk with an accompanying PowerPoint presentation to share visual content with the event attendees. The presentations will be conducted via Zoom and a moderator will be on hand to introduce the presentations and handle the question and answer portion of the event as an informal and friendly discussion.

If you would like to give a presentation at this event please send your name and the title of your talk to by 31st of July.

The webinar is planned to take place on Thursday the 20th August via Zoom.


If you have any questions please do not hesitate to get in contact!